Foreigner friends often ask me,about
the difference between Japanese Temple and Shrine.
When Japanese people understand it, we had some point of the features.
1, The gate
The shrine = Torii Gate (鳥居）
The temple = Sanmon Gate（山門）
2, Goshintai (御神体） and Gohonzon（御本尊）
Enshrined in the shrine = Goshintai (御神体）
Enshrined in the temple =Gohonzon（御本尊）
3, Komainu(狛犬）and Bonsho(梵鐘）
There is Komainu(狛犬）in the shrine.
There is Bonsho(梵鐘）in the temple.
4, Features of the building
The shrine building is simple.
They are often painted Japanese red color(朱＝Shu).
The shrine roofs are made of wooden bark(檜皮：Hiwada）
The temple building has many sculptures and paintings
on walls or pillars.
The temple roofs are made of roof tiles(瓦:Kawara).
5. How to pray
The shrine = Clap your hand (twice) in front of the main hall.
The temple = Put your palms together in front of the main hall.
(Please do not clap your hands)